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Het Kola Schiereiland is prbeautiful en filled met miracles.

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Updated:
Apr-2015

Welcome naar de Khibiny bergen op Kola Schiereiland

 

View op Ramzai pass in Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk The rocky en treeless Khibiny bergen are situated Noord van 67-th parallel, beyond the arctische Circle op Kola Schiereiland in Russisch Lapland. This is the highest land mass in het Kola Schiereiland the summits van which are dotted 800—900 meters boven the surrounding hilly plain. The highest point in de Khibiny (Judychvumchorr berg) is 1200 metres above sea level en is also the highest point in het Kola Schiereiland. In clear zomer het weer the Khibiny bergen can be seen van many miles away, van de Kandalaksha toendra in de south, the frontier heights van Kovdor in de west en even van the hilly banks van het Voronija rivier in de Noord. The Klimaat in this part van Rusland is peculiar in so far as that thaws are frequent in de winter but in de zomer en early herfst frosts are not uncommon, especially in de beginning van June en at the end van August.
Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Winter lasts about seven months every year in de plains en the month longer usually on the bergen but the temperatures are not so low as those in de similar latitudes van Siberia. The Klimaat van het alpine areas is considerable different to those van het nearby lowlands en valleys, voor instance, in de plateau Rasvumchorr the winter lasts around 260 days. An average annual temperature is minus 4.3 degrees Centigrade en in de warmest month (July) never climbs past plus 8.2 degrees.
Winds op de plateau are gusty en sharp en can reach a speed van 40 metres per second. sneeuw storms rage around 190 days a year en daily variations van het Atmosferische pressure are very sharp the average being around 644 mm van mercury with an average annual precipitation van 1494 mm van which about 919 mm is sneeuw.
 

Aku-Aku pass in Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk The vegetation in de Khibiny bergen area is disposed into distinct zones. The forests are not higher than 370 metres. The forest-toendra zone spreads up naar 450 metres, the alpine toendra up naar 800 metres en beyond this is there is a arctische desert. The Khibiny bergen are the geographic centrum van het Kola Schiereiland regio which was in former times a remote outlying district van Rusland, inhabited by severe Pomors (Kust dwellers) en mysterious Lapps. Remote Murman, the “World's End” washed by the waters van het White en Barents Seas was developing slowly only van de Kusts, at that time. The first information about Khibiny is reflected in literature concerned met the XIX-th Century Rusland academician A. M. Middendorf who in 1840 had noted the uncommonness van rocks forming the bergen. The geoloog N. V. Kudriavtsev in 1880 en the expedities; van het Finnish geoloog V. Ramzai in 1887—1892 had commenced an exploration van Khibiny but valuable en useful mineralen were not found until the XX-th Century.
Museum van mineralen in Monchegorsk. Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Evdialite "Saamish Blood" mineral van Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk First pieces van apatite ore have been discovered at the foot van Kukisvumchorr berg in August van 1921 thence the outcrops van this ore were discovered in 1922 within the Apatite Bow where the deposits en widely known layers van Kukisvumchorr, Poachvumchorr, Apatite Circus en Rasvumchorr are located. geologen had already reported about the industrial importance van Khibinian apatite deposits in 1923 but the exploitation was not started until 1926.
The town van Khibinogorsk was also built which at the request van het townsfolk in 1935 was renamed naar Kirovsk. The speed van development in those days was astonishing as was the speed at which the new town grew. In 1930 population was 500 en in 1932 48.000 en it must be noted that in 1920 the population van het whole van het Kola Schiereiland was only 20.000.

Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk Fersman pass in Khibiny bergen or Khibiny toendra kolatravel Khibiny bergen Khibini Khibinian Hibinski toendra Kola Schiereiland arctische cirkel geologen Ramzai Fersman mineralen deposits highest point Khibinogorsk The amazement van het XVII-th International geologische Congress members who visited Khibini in 1937 is under stable. Over 110 mineralen (and 18 van theme were absolutely unknown before) have been discovered in this area en mineralen like Murmanite, Wudjavrite, Ramzaite, Juksporite, Fersmanite have been included in de scientific catalogues since that time.
From 1930 op de shore van Lake Maly Wudjavr the construction van het Mining Station “Tietta” (in translation van Saami Language it does mean “Science”) had been started. By April 10, 1932 the Mining Station met a museum, library en scientific laboratories had been inaugurated.
 By 1949 the Kola Branch van het Academy van Sciences van het USSR. had been established en the first institute van this Branch, the geologische Research Institute was officially established in 1951 but its history actually started van de “Tietta”. The Kola Branch van het Academy van Sciences is the grootste scientific centrum beyond the arctische Circle. In 1975 a museum van arctische study en exploration history attached naar de Geographic Society in Apatity was opened. Many valuable material illustrations of the territories history van an Oeroude time till the present dag are in this museum. In former times uninhabited Khibiny are surrounded today in de South by a semi-cirkel van towns en settlements like Apatity, Titan, Octobersky, Shuchiy, Imandra, Khibiny.
 

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